the three genders of the Székelys (tria genera Siculorum)

By the end of the 15th century the pecuniary stratification of the previously unified Székely society had been completed, throughout which the people of Transylvania were categorised into three genders. The high nobles (primores, seniores, potiores) included those most wealthy people who - when going to war - marched out with three, four or even five horses. The Székely nobles (primipili) were the knights who fought from horses while the poorest were the foot-soldiers (pedites). These latter two did not belong to the group of common Székelys (communitas), which however included the gun infantry (pixidarii) which was established by the end of the 16th century.